Chapter 26 (ESV) - “Moreover, you shall make the tabernacle with ten curtains of fine twined linen and blue and purple and scarlet yarns; you shall make them with cherubim skillfully worked into them. The length of each curtain shall be twenty-eight cubits, and the breadth of each curtain four cubits; all the curtains shall be the same size. Five curtains shall be coupled to one another, and the other five curtains shall be coupled to one another. And you shall make loops of blue on the edge of the outermost curtain in the first set. Likewise you shall make loops on the edge of the outermost curtain in the second set. Fifty loops you shall make on the one curtain, and fifty loops you shall make on the edge of the curtain that is in the second set; the loops shall be opposite one another. And you shall make fifty clasps of gold, and couple the curtains one to the other with the clasps, so that the tabernacle may be a single whole.
“You shall also make curtains of goats' hair for a tent over the tabernacle; eleven curtains shall you make. The length of each curtain shall be thirty cubits, and the breadth of each curtain four cubits. The eleven curtains shall be the same size. You shall couple five curtains by themselves, and six curtains by themselves, and the sixth curtain you shall double over at the front of the tent. You shall make fifty loops on the edge of the curtain that is outermost in one set, and fifty loops on the edge of the curtain that is outermost in the second set.
“You shall make fifty clasps of bronze, and put the clasps into the loops, and couple the tent together that it may be a single whole. And the part that remains of the curtains of the tent, the half curtain that remains, shall hang over the back of the tabernacle. And the extra that remains in the length of the curtains, the cubit on the one side, and the cubit on the other side, shall hang over the sides of the tabernacle, on this side and that side, to cover it. And you shall make for the tent a covering of tanned rams' skins and a covering of goatskins on top.
“You shall make upright frames for the tabernacle of acacia wood. Ten cubits shall be the length of a frame, and a cubit and a half the breadth of each frame. There shall be two tenons in each frame, for fitting together. So shall you do for all the frames of the tabernacle. You shall make the frames for the tabernacle: twenty frames for the south side; and forty bases of silver you shall make under the twenty frames, two bases under one frame for its two tenons, and two bases under the next frame for its two tenons; and for the second side of the tabernacle, on the north side twenty frames, and their forty bases of silver, two bases under one frame, and two bases under the next frame. And for the rear of the tabernacle westward you shall make six frames. And you shall make two frames for corners of the tabernacle in the rear; they shall be separate beneath, but joined at the top, at the first ring. Thus shall it be with both of them; they shall form the two corners. And there shall be eight frames, with their bases of silver, sixteen bases; two bases under one frame, and two bases under another frame.
“You shall make bars of acacia wood, five for the frames of the one side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the frames of the other side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the frames of the side of the tabernacle at the rear westward. The middle bar, halfway up the frames, shall run from end to end. You shall overlay the frames with gold and shall make their rings of gold for holders for the bars, and you shall overlay the bars with gold. Then you shall erect the tabernacle according to the plan for it that you were shown on the mountain.
“And you shall make a veil of blue and purple and scarlet yarns and fine twined linen. It shall be made with cherubim skillfully worked into it. And you shall hang it on four pillars of acacia overlaid with gold, with hooks of gold, on four bases of silver. And you shall hang the veil from the clasps, and bring the ark of the testimony in there within the veil. And the veil shall separate for you the Holy Place from the Most Holy. You shall put the mercy seat on the ark of the testimony in the Most Holy Place. And you shall set the table outside the veil, and the lampstand on the south side of the tabernacle opposite the table, and you shall put the table on the north side.
“You shall make a screen for the entrance of the tent, of blue and purple and scarlet yarns and fine twined linen, embroidered with needlework. And you shall make for the screen five pillars of acacia, and overlay them with gold. Their hooks shall be of gold, and you shall cast five bases of bronze for them.
Question to consider: What are some details about the tabernacle that pointed to the glory of Christ?
As I mentioned yesterday, the goat and ram skins covering the tabernacle served to protect and to hide the valuable contents that were contained within it. Given the size and scope of the tabernacle, it is incredible to think that it was continually broken down and carried through the desert. When they remained in a place, the tabernacle was covered in the cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night. When the cloud was lifted, it was a sign for Israel to pack up the tabernacle and move on with the ark, the bread of the Presence, the Lampstand and the Altar of Incense being carried by the poles.
I am sure each element of the tabernacle has spiritual significance, but the writer of Hebrews focused on the curtain that separated the Holy Place from the Holy of Holies in Hebrews 10:19-25. The curtain of Christ’s flesh was torn so that we may come boldly before the mercy seat. When we think of coming before the throne of God in prayer, it is usually with the idea that we can petition the LORD with our requests. However, coming boldly before the mercy seat is a declaration that we can come before the LORD to confess our sins because we have the full assurance of forgiveness through Christ Jesus. We come before the mercy seat to receive mercy.
One of the things that Martin Luther brought up in his 95 theses nailed to the Wittenberg door was an objection to the idea of penance. Penance was designed to help bring us to a proper state of contriteness in order to receive forgiveness for our sins. However, in performing a work of penance to receive forgiveness, it offends the very work Christ has done on our behalf. Paul wrote the letter to the Galatians in response to those who had added to the gospel with the work of circumcision. I’m sure he would just as vociferously reject the notion of adding penance to the gospel as well.
The inside of the Holy Place and Holy of Holies was dark from the layers of skins that covered it. The Holy Place was illuminated by the Lampstand which symbolized the Holy Spirit who reveals our sin to us and declares the glory of the LORD. The Holy of Holies was illuminated by the glory of the LORD resting in the mercy seat atop the Ark of the Covenant. Once illuminated, the interior walls revealed the angelic images on the walls and ceiling surrounding the glory of God.
Dear heavenly father, thank You for the rich symbolism that was infused into the tabernacle and for providing people willing to contribute the treasure and talents necessary to create it according to Your instruction. May the church today be equally willing to share our treasure and talents in declaring the glory of Christ. Amen.